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1. Introduction - Hindawi

After harvesting and spinning, microalga cake was dried in a hot air oven at 70C. Finally, dried samples were crushed and sieved at 1 mm pore diameter to obtain a fine and homogeneous powder using a mill (MF 10 basic, IKA-WERKE). ... Dried Spirulina sp. % at 70C of cell constituents is calculated after the moisture content was subtracted ...

Proximate Chemical and Amino Acid Composition of Oven ...

Apr 03, 2020 The proximate, chemical and amino acid composition of four oven dried shell fish meat samples were analysed, Clam, ( Mercenaria mercenaria ), Whelk, ( Thias coronata ), Oyster ( Crassostrea gasar ), and Periwinkle ( Tympanotonus fuscatus ). Results shows that whelk has the highest moisture content of 13.960.01, followed by oyster 8.990.00, clam, …

Spirulina Farming Project Report Extraction Process ...

Apr 09, 2019 Once the water has a standard micronutrient composition, the pond is ready for Spirulina seeding. Ideally, for uniform growth and for uniform harvesting, 30 grams of dry Spirulina is added for every 10 liters of water. ... The temperature in the oven when maintained at 60 C takes about 4 fours while 40 C takes about 15 to 16 hours for ...

Chemical Overview of Wood - University of Tennessee

Cellulose, the major chemical component of fiber wall and contributing 40-45% of the wood’s dry weight, is composed of linear chains of D-glucose linked by -1,4-glycosidic bonds (Figure 2.1) with the degree of polymerization from 10,000 in native wood to 1,000 in bleached kraft pulps.

Effects of Spirulina platensis on performance ...

Chemical composition of the starter (%). Case % Dry matter Chemists90.35 Ether extract 5 Crude protein 22.4 Crude fiber 5.5 (ADF) Ash 4.5 Ca 0.462 P 0.543 Neutral detergent fiber 34.5 Acid detergent fiber 26 Table 3. Chemical composition of the spirulina. and B are the acid insoluble ash concentrations in the Case Value Dry matter (%) 96.5

(PDF) Growth and biochemical composition of Spirulina ...

Concentration of nitrogen Biochemical composition of Spirulina platensis Ammonium nitrogen (NH4-N) concentration in culture biomass medium was measured before and after cultivation Protein, carbohydrate, lipid and chlorophyll-a content (residue) using the method based on American Society in S. platensis dry biomass were conducted at the initial ...

Biomass and nutritive value of Spirulina (Arthrospira ...

culture sample through dried pre-weighed Whatman GF/C filter No. 1 paper (11 μm, 80 mm in diameter). The filtered biomass was washed with distilled water to remove adsorbed salts, oven dried at 60C overnight and then left to cool. The filter paper containing dry spirulina was then weighed (SHIMADZU AVU 220), and the difference in weight be-

Biomass and nutritive value of Spirulina (Arthrospira ...

Dec 23, 2019 Spirulina inoculation and cultivation. Table 1 shows the chemicals and composition of the culture media used in the experiment. The analytical grade ingredients for Zarrouk were purchased from a laboratory equipment and chemical supplier in Zanzibar (Zan-Lab Equip.) while the NPK10-20-20 fertilizer was obtained from the authorized dealer of …

Chemical Composition of Spirulina platensis which ...

Dec 24, 2018 Spirulina platensis known as filamentous cyanobacteria, single-celled and spiral-shaped. It is often called blue-green microalgae. This study aimed to determine the effect of photoperiod on the characteristic of S. platensis which were cultivated in a controlled photobioreactor (FK) and uncontrolled photobioreactor (FTK). The observed characteristics …

Assessment of growth production and nutritional ...

Dried Spirulina platensis contains about 51–71% protein, Lipid 5-7%, Fiber 8-10%, Chlorophyll 1 - 3.5%, Total Carotenoid 0.2-0.4%, Phycocyanin 2.5-9.5% and trace elements. The growth kinetics and composition of Spirulina platensis completely rely on the cultivation conditions [6]. Algae are cultivated in one

Effect of drying methods on chemical composition and ...

Effect of drying methods on chemical composition and antioxidant activity of underutilized stinging nettle leaves Heliyon. 2020 May 23;6(5): e03938. doi ... Overall, freeze dried and oven dried nettle leaves can be considered as a rich source of Ca, Mg and vitamin A; a good source of vitamin C, Fe, and Mn; and a source for Mg and K. Stinging ...

Effect of Spirulina biomass residue on yield and ...

Feb 01, 2022 The SBR has a moisture content of 3.91% DW and the dietary fiber content was 4.65% DW. Even with the lower phycocyanin content (8.33% DW) from the fresh algae, the SBR still contained valuable compounds such as protein (30. 38% DW), carbohydrate (21.06% DW), and lipid (26.82% DW) and had a chlorophyll content of 13.43% DW, which was sufficient to …

Spirulina Research Breakdown -

Jan 21, 2022 On a dry-weight basis, spirulina is 60–77% protein, 9–15% lipids, and 10–19% carbohydrates, with variation depending on spirulina species and growing conditions (e.g., pond versus lab-grown). The protein content is of relatively high quality for a plant-based protein, having a biological value of 75% and a digestibility of 83%.

Spirulina inclusion levels in a broiler ration: evaluation ...

Jul 12, 2020 Spirulina used in this research was imported from Qingdao Fraken International Trading Co., China. The chemical composition (%) of spirulina analyzed in the laboratory is presented in Table 2. Birds were offered water ad libitum. ... it was dried in oven at 60 C for 1 h. For staining of cut section of various tissues, Harris Hematoxylin and ...

Profits in Spirulina Powder Production (Cost to Start ...

Jun 12, 2020 Once the water has a standard micronutrient composition, the pond is prepared for spirulina seeding. Preferably, for uniform growth and the constant harvesting, 30 grams of dry Spirulina is fed for every 10 liters of water. ... The temperature in the oven when maintained at 60 C will take around 4 fours while at 40 C it will take about 15 ...

Development and evaluation of spirulina ragi biscuits

Keywords: Spirulina powder, finger millet, biscuits, nutrient, sensory qualities, physico-chemical properties Introduction Spirulina is a cyanobacterium, (Oscillatoraceae family) which acquired the ability for ... Using biscuit cutter sheet was cut into biscuits and baked in an oven at 1600C for ... Nutritional composition of acceptable spirulina

Spirulina sp. biomass dried/disrupted by different methods ...

May 23, 2018 The Spirulina samples were mixed with distilled water on biomass:solvent ratio of 0.16 g mL −1 (dry matter). The phycocyanin concentration (mg mL −1) was determined in optical densities measured at 620 and 652 nm. Phycocyanin content ( PC) was expressed in mg g −1 in relation to in natura biomass, for all assays.

Drying of alga as a source of bioenergy feedstock and food ...

Oct 01, 2015 Falquet gives the range of some important chemical components of spirulina. This micro-alga is considered as the most important, as almost all the studies done in micro-alga refer to spirulina. Its chemical composition is summarized in Table 3a, Table 3b, Table 3c, , . The comparison between macro-alga and micro-alga, considering their chemical ...

Effects of Different Processing Methods on Phytochemical ...

Oct 06, 2018 Background and objective: A Spirulina platensis is one of the major sources of functional food ingredients with nutraceutical properties. It is a very perishable and should be processed immediately after harvesting. Therefore, the main purpose of the present study was investigation the effect of different processing condition on the most important qualitative …

Spirulina Farming -

Once the water has a standard micronutrient composition, the pond is ready for Spirulina seeding. Ideally, for uniform growth and for uniform harvesting, 30 grams of dry Spirulina is added for every 10 liters of water. ... The temperature in the oven when maintained at 60 C takes about 4 fours while 40 C takes about 15 to 16 hours for ...

Physicochemical biochemical and thermal properties of ...

Sep 22, 2017 Spirulina (Arthrospira) is a cyanobacterium and an excellent source of natural compounds. The dried biomass can be applied in functional foods or in pharmaceutical products; however, its biochemical and physicochemical properties are affected by the drying operation. In this work, the drying effect in Spirulina biomass in a spouted bed at different air temperatures …

Spirulina - an overview ScienceDirect Topics

Spirulina has also had a long history in human nutrition. The mineral makeup of spirulina is attractive as the iron level is 12 times higher than other food. Spirulina is also rich in magnesium, potassium, and calcium and is good for blood rejuvenation and the healthy function of bones and teeth (Sarada et al., 2005).Spirulina absorbs sunshine, produces nutrients in the cell, and …

The composition of spirulina - Algorigin

Spirulina is very rich in proteins (60-70% of its dry weight) [1] of high biological value, containing all of the essential amino acids needed by both adults and children. Spirulina’s membrane is easily dissolved by gastric acid, which ensures that these 20 …

Amino acid composition and nutritive value of ... - DeepDyve

Spirulina maxima is an alga, rich in organic nitrogenous constituents, used for food in the Chad Republic. Amino acids, vitamins, and nutritive value were determined for a strain of the algae grown in an open‐air pilot production unit. The dried alga, more than 60% of which was proteinaceous material, contained all the essential amino acids in fairly good concentration …

Optimization of growth conditions for carotenoid ...

Spirulina sample was filtered in a pre-weighed filter paper and oven dried at 75C for 4 to 6 h, cooled and then again weighed. The difference between the initial and final weight were taken as the dry weight. Total carotenoids were extracted by cell lysis (sonication) and homogenization in 90 per cent acetone as described by Rafiqul et al ...

Spirulina Platensis grown on Nile water based medium

Spirulina which contain from 60% to 70% protein of its dry weight, low fat, high vitamin content, and essential fatty acid gamma linoleic acid. Ref. [18]. found that the chemical composition of Spirulina was 60% crude protein, 20% carbohydrate, 5% fats, 9% minerals and 6% moisture. Ref. [5]. mentioned that Spirulina is a rich source of pro ...

Physicochemical and Thermal Characterization of the ...

Spirulina, Spirulina maxima and S. platensis, can be harvested in water, dried and used as food. Spirulina is one of the most important industrially cultivated microalgae [2]. Studies indicate that in addition to its 50% to 70% protein content in dry matter, it has essential amino acids, essential lipids, unsaturated

Novel Approaches of Using of Spirulina Platensis in ...

The chemical composition of Spirulina is a complex of many different *Corresponding author: [email protected] ... Prior used Spirulina have been dried at 70C for 24 h in the laboratory oven, while the natural rubber was annealed at 60C for 1 h. The rubber mixtures were produced by using the Buzuluk ...

E-ISSN: 2347-5129 Evaluation of lab scale cultivation to ...

The composition of spirulina powder consists of 60% protein, 20% carbohydrate, 5% fats, 7% minerals and 3-6% moisture, making it a low-fat, ... Fish meal was dried in an oven at 50 C for overnight afrer collecting from local market of Mymensingh. For complete ... Stock solutions of different chemical ingredients of KM were prepared with ...

Advances in Environmental Biology

The efficiency of the media was assessed on the basis of Spirulina dry ... oven dried at 75⁰C for 4 to 6 hours. The dried filter paper containing Spirulina biomass were cooled and ... Light illuminanace: In laboratory and in poly carbonate house is measured by Lux meter. Chemical composition and nutritional value: The chemical composition and ...

Influence of Temperature on Growth and Biochemical ...

The role of chemical environment on the biochemical profile of the Spirulina is of prime importance both for laboratory condition and outdoor mass culture. The chemical composition of Spirulina reflects its potential as human food, animal feed and as a source of natural products. Protein content of Spirulina ranges from 50-70% of dry weight ...

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